References

Updated March 8, 2022

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Nygaard IE, Shaw JM. Physical activity and the pelvic floor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016;214(2):164-171. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2015.08.067 Muller N. What Americans understand and how they are affected by bladder control problems: highlights of recent nationwide consumer research. Urol Nurs. 2005;25(2):109-115.

Mathias SD, Kuppermann M, Liberman RF, Lipschutz RC, Steege JF. Chronic pelvic pain: prevalence, health-related quality of life, and economic correlates. Obstet Gynecol. 1996;87(3):321-327. doi:10.1016/0029-7844(95)00458-0.

Mathias SD, Kuppermann M, Liberman RF, Lipschutz RC, Steege JF. Chronic pelvic pain: prevalence, health-related quality of life, and economic correlates. Obstet Gynecol. 1996;87(3):321-327. doi:10.1016/0029-7844(95)00458-0.

Tayyeb M, Gupta V. Dyspareunia. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; November 20, 2021 Abrams P, Andersson KE, Apostolidis A, et al. 6th International Consultation on Incontinence. Recommendations of the International Scientific Committee: EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF URINARY INCONTINENCE, PELVIC ORGAN PROLAPSE AND FAECAL INCONTINENCE. Neurourol Urodyn. 2018;37(7):2271-2272. doi:10.1002/nau.23551.

Bharucha AE, Zinsmeister AR, Locke GR, et al. Prevalence and burden of fecal incontinence: a population-based study in women. Gastroenterology. 2005;129(1):42-49. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2005.04.006.

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Nygaard IE, Shaw JM. Physical activity and the pelvic floor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016;214(2):164-171. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2015.08.067.

Nygaard IE, Shaw JM. Physical activity and the pelvic floor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016;214(2):164-171. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2015.08.067.

Mathias SD, Kuppermann M, Liberman RF, Lipschutz RC, Steege JF. Chronic pelvic pain: prevalence, health-related quality of life, and economic correlates. Obstet Gynecol. 1996;87(3):321-327. doi:10.1016/0029-7844(95)00458-0.

Abrams P, Andersson KE, Apostolidis A, et al. 6th International Consultation on Incontinence. Recommendations of the International Scientific Committee: EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF URINARY INCONTINENCE, PELVIC ORGAN PROLAPSE AND FAECAL INCONTINENCE. Neurourol Urodyn. 2018;37(7):2271-2272. doi:10.1002/nau.23551.

Awwad J, Sayegh R, Yeretzian J, Deeb ME. Prevalence, risk factors, and predictors of pelvic organ prolapse: a community-based study. Menopause. 2012;19(11):1235-1241. doi:10.1097/gme.0b013e31826d2d94.

Tayyeb M, Gupta V. Dyspareunia. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; November 20, 2021.

Mathias SD, Kuppermann M, Liberman RF, Lipschutz RC, Steege JF. Chronic pelvic pain: prevalence, health-related quality of life, and economic correlates. Obstet Gynecol. 1996;87(3):321-327. doi:10.1016/0029-7844(95)00458-0.

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Mathias SD, Kuppermann M, Liberman RF, Lipschutz RC, Steege JF. Chronic pelvic pain: prevalence, health-related quality of life, and economic correlates. Obstet Gynecol. 1996;87(3):321-327. doi:10.1016/0029-7844(95)00458-0.

Tayyeb M, Gupta V. Dyspareunia. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; November 20, 2021.

Abrams P, Andersson KE, Apostolidis A, et al. 6th International Consultation on Incontinence. Recommendations of the International Scientific Committee: EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF URINARY INCONTINENCE, PELVIC ORGAN PROLAPSE AND FAECAL INCONTINENCE. Neurourol Urodyn. 2018;37(7):2271-2272. doi:10.1002/nau.23551.

Bharucha AE, Zinsmeister AR, Locke GR, et al. Prevalence and burden of fecal incontinence: a population-based study in women. Gastroenterology. 2005;129(1):42-49. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2005.04.006.